Calculate the ballistic trajectory of your projectile with the Caldwell Ballistic Calculator. This tool is designed for shooters and hunters to estimate bullet drop and trajectory based on various inputs such as bullet weight, muzzle velocity, and environmental conditions.

## Ballistic Calculation Formula

The following formulas are used to calculate the drop of a bullet based on your inputs:

Drop = (Muzzle Velocity / 100) * Distance * (1 + Wind Speed / 10)

Advanced Drop = Bullet BC * (Air Density / 0.075) * (Temperature / 59) * (Altitude / 1000)

Variables:

- Drop is the vertical distance the bullet will fall (inches)
- Muzzle Velocity is the speed of the bullet when it leaves the barrel ( fps)
- Distance is the horizontal distance to the target (yards)
- Wind Speed is the speed of the wind affecting the bullet’s trajectory (mph)
- Bullet BC is the ballistic coefficient of the bullet
- Air Density is the density of the air through which the bullet travels (lb/ft³)
- Temperature is the ambient temperature (°F)
- Altitude is the height above sea level (feet)

To calculate the bullet drop, use the basic formula for quick estimates or the advanced formula for a more precise calculation considering environmental factors.

## What is Ballistic Calculation?

Ballistic calculation involves determining the trajectory of a projectile, such as a bullet, based on various factors including velocity, weight, and environmental conditions. This helps in predicting where the bullet will land, allowing shooters to make more accurate shots.

## How to Calculate Bullet Drop?

Follow these steps to calculate bullet drop:

- First, input the bullet weight and muzzle velocity into the basic calculator.
- Enter the distance to the target and wind speed.
- For advanced calculations, also input ballistic coefficient, air density, temperature, and altitude.
- Use the formula provided to compute the drop.
- Compare your calculated drop with the value provided by the calculator.

**Example Problem:**

Use the following variables to test the calculator:

Bullet Weight = 150 grains

Muzzle Velocity = 2700 fps

Distance to Target = 500 yards

Wind Speed = 10 mph

## FAQ

**1. What is a ballistic coefficient?**

The ballistic coefficient (BC) is a measure of a bullet’s ability to overcome air resistance in flight. A higher BC indicates a more aerodynamically efficient bullet.

**2. How does altitude affect bullet trajectory?**

Higher altitudes result in lower air density, which can affect the bullet’s trajectory. The advanced calculator accounts for these changes to provide a more accurate drop estimate.

**3. Can the calculator be used for different bullet types?**

Yes, the calculator can accommodate various bullet types by adjusting the ballistic coefficient and other parameters as needed.

**4. Why is wind speed important in ballistic calculations?**

Wind speed affects the bullet’s trajectory by pushing it off course. Accurate wind data helps in making corrections to ensure precise shooting.

**5. How accurate are the results from the calculator?**

The calculator provides estimates based on the inputs given. For the most precise results, consider using a chronograph and real-world shooting data.